“Are you planning a vacation on Mars? If, then let’s check what are the differences and difficulties you’ll face there.”

 Thinking to Live on the 4th Planet of The Sun-‘Mars’, now that won’t be entirely risk-free. An astronaut might not survive if his or her Mars Suit were to become seriously damaged during a mission outside of the habitat. Certain medical conditions are not treatable on Mars.

The ground isn’t suitable for plants. You’ve to compress the atmosphere into a greenhouse and plant them in soil that has been filtered of Mars’ perchlorate salt that’s toxic to a higher life. The Martian soil is toxic due to relatively high concentrations of chlorine and associated compounds which are hazardous to all known forms of life.

Let’s see what the major differences are:

Avg distance from Sun93 million miles142 million miles
Avg speed in orbiting Sun18.5 miles per sec14.5 miles per sec
Diameter7926 miles4220 miles
Gravity 9.807 m/s²3.721 m/s²
Avg temperature 15 degree celsius-80 degree celsius
AtmosphereNitrogen, Oxygen & othersMostly CO2
No. of moons12
Basic differences btw Earth & Mars

Now, while talking about the atmosphere Mars’ atmosphere is dominated by carbon dioxide (CO₂) at a concentration of 96%. Oxygen is only 0.13%, compared with 21% in Earth’s atmosphere. approximately for 15 sec straight, you can breathe in Mars without a Spacesuit, which is a concern of the huge amount of oxygen supply we need to be there.

Read more: China Became the 2nd Nation in the world to land it’s Rover.

Mars is famous for its large, planet-wide dust storms.

Mars has an atmosphere that is much thinner than the atmosphere on Earth, but which still creates winds. When these winds pick up the fine, dry particles of dust on Mars, a dust storm can occur. Most dust storms cover an area for a few days and carry small particles of dust at speeds of 33 to 66 miles per hour. Sometimes, though rarely, dust storms on Mars can be fierce enough to cover the entire planet in a dusty haze for weeks.

The surface gravity of Mars is just 38% that of Earth. Although microgravity is known to cause health problems such as muscle loss and bone demineralization, it is not known if Martian gravity would have a similar effect.

Water on Mars has always been a controversial theory. Few researchers said that due to -80 to -120 degrees celsius temperature almost the complete water is in the form of ice & because of Vapor-evaporation only small quantities are available to date. Where few researchers belives it’s a flawed one, As Martian water molecules rise into and then escape from the atmosphere, they disassociate into free hydrogen and oxygen atoms. An oxygen atom in water is just an oxygen atom, but hydrogen comes in two forms: ordinary hydrogen (with a single proton in its nucleus) and deuterium (with a proton and a neutron). Water molecules made of heavier deuterium instead of ordinary hydrogen are known, straightforwardly enough, as heavy water.

To live in an atmosphere we do need some basics like oxygen water and food. For astronauts, it’s possible to be there a few times and do research but still, it’s not quite possible a normal living life there.